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| style="color:#000000;" | <div style="padding:2px 5px; font-size:120%;">[[Image:Justice.jpg|left|150px|alt=Tort Reform, Corporate Liability and the Rights of Injured Americans]]'''Through the corporate-funded American Legislative Exchange Council, global corporations and state politicians VOTE BEHIND CLOSED DOORS to change the laws to limit the rights and remedies of Americans injured or killed by corporations.''' These so-called "model bills" erode the rights of an injured person, or that person's family, who files a complaint alleging that a corporation caused injury or death and should be held responsible for all the damages its actions caused. '''Through ALEC, corporations have "a VOICE and a VOTE" on specific changes to the law that are then proposed in state legislatures. ''Do you?'' '''</div>
 
| style="color:#000000;" | <div style="padding:2px 5px; font-size:120%;">[[Image:Justice.jpg|left|150px|alt=Tort Reform, Corporate Liability and the Rights of Injured Americans]]'''Through the corporate-funded American Legislative Exchange Council, global corporations and state politicians VOTE BEHIND CLOSED DOORS to change the laws to limit the rights and remedies of Americans injured or killed by corporations.''' These so-called "model bills" erode the rights of an injured person, or that person's family, who files a complaint alleging that a corporation caused injury or death and should be held responsible for all the damages its actions caused. '''Through ALEC, corporations have "a VOICE and a VOTE" on specific changes to the law that are then proposed in state legislatures. ''Do you?'' '''</div>
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[[Image:Point.png|left|70px]][[media:Tort_Reform.zip|<big> Click here for a zip file of bills relating to '''Tort Reform, Corporate Liability, and the Rights of Injured Americans'''</big>]]
 
[[Image:Point.png|left|70px]][[media:Tort_Reform.zip|<big> Click here for a zip file of bills relating to '''Tort Reform, Corporate Liability, and the Rights of Injured Americans'''</big>]]
 
<br>
 
<br>
<big>For a full list of bills from this section, [[Bills Affecting the Rights of Americans Injured or Killed by Corporations|click here]]</big>
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[[Image:Full list.png|left|70px]]
 
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<big>For a full list of individual bills from this section, [[Bills Affecting the Rights of Americans Injured or Killed by Corporations|click here]]</big>
<big>''For descriptions of some of these bills, [[#How are corporations avoiding liability in these bills?| scroll down or click here]]''.</big>
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<big>''For descriptions of some of these bills, [[#How are corporations avoiding liability in these bills?| scroll down or click here]]''</big>
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'''ALEC, tort reform, and ALEC corporations are also discussed in the tobacco library, the archive of internal tobacco industry documents.''' Additionally, a search for a term like "Koch Industries" -- a long-time  funder of  ALEC-- reveals numerous documents of interest.
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<tdo>search_term="American Legislative Exchange Council" and "tort reform" </tdo>
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! style="padding:2px;" | <h2 style="margin:3px; background:#000000; font-size:140%; font-weight:bold; border:1px solid #000000; text-align:left; color:#ffffff; padding:0.2em 0.4em;">How corporations undermine the rights of injured Americans</h2>
 
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<big>'''The bills try to change American's rights by:'''</big><br>
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<big>'''The bills try to change Americans' rights by:'''</big><br>
* [http://www.alecexposed.org/w/images/8/8b/0C2-Class_Actions_Improvements_Act_Exposed.pdf '''Making it harder for injured people to use "class action" rules'''] that can expose the widespread harms of dangerous products and strengthen the negotiating power of injured people  
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* [http://www.alecexposed.org/w/images/8/8b/0C2-Class_Actions_Improvements_Act_Exposed.pdf Making it harder for injured people to use class action rules] that can expose the widespread harms of dangerous products and strengthen the negotiating power of injured people  
* '''Limiting corporate financial liability''' through changing the rules about who can be held [http://www.alecexposed.org/w/images/8/84/0A1-Comparative_Fault_Act_Exposed.pdf liable]
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* Limiting corporate financial liability through changing the rules for [http://www.alecexposed.org/w/images/8/84/0A1-Comparative_Fault_Act_Exposed.pdf apportioning fault]
* '''Making it easier for corporations''' to get a judge to dismiss an injured American's case ''before'' it gets to a jury through:<br>
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* Making it easier for corporations to get a judge to dismiss an injured American's case ''before'' it gets to a jury by:<br>
** [http://www.alecexposed.org/w/images/7/77/0A0-Assumption_of_Risk_Act_Exposed.pdf Barring the case by saying the injured person assumed the risk]  
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** [http://www.alecexposed.org/w/images/7/77/0A0-Assumption_of_Risk_Act_Exposed.pdf Barring the case by saying the injured person assumed the risk],
** '''Changing the rules about ''where'' injured Americans can sue''' through changes to [http://www.alecexposed.org/w/images/3/3d/0C4-Forum_Non_Conveniens_Act_Exposed.pdf court rules], including rules that limit people from [http://www.alecexposed.org/w/images/3/3d/0C4-Forum_Non_Conveniens_Act_Exposed.pdf multiple states] joining as plaintiffs
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** Changing the rules about ''where'' injured Americans can sue through changes to [http://www.alecexposed.org/w/images/3/3d/0C4-Forum_Non_Conveniens_Act_Exposed.pdf court rules], including rules that limit people from [http://www.alecexposed.org/w/images/3/3d/0C4-Forum_Non_Conveniens_Act_Exposed.pdf multiple states] joining as plaintiffs
** [http://www.alecexposed.org/w/images/1/10/0C8-Summary_Judgment_Procedure_Act_Exposed.pdf Altering rules] to summarily dismiss the case before trial
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** [http://www.alecexposed.org/w/images/1/10/0C8-Summary_Judgment_Procedure_Act_Exposed.pdf Altering rules] to summarily dismiss the case before trial,
 
* [http://www.alecexposed.org/w/images/8/8d/0B0-Medical_Review_Panel_Act_Exposed.pdf Requiring medical malpractice lawsuits be filtered by doctors and the hospital industry]
 
* [http://www.alecexposed.org/w/images/8/8d/0B0-Medical_Review_Panel_Act_Exposed.pdf Requiring medical malpractice lawsuits be filtered by doctors and the hospital industry]
* '''Deterring lawsuits''' through:
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* Deterring lawsuits by:
** [http://www.alecexposed.org/w/images/e/e3/0H0-Accuracy_in_Pleading_Act_Exposed.pdf making it harder for injured people to bring suits based on limited information] about how an accident occurred, information that could be discovered using tools available to after a suit is filed
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** [http://www.alecexposed.org/w/images/e/e3/0H0-Accuracy_in_Pleading_Act_Exposed.pdf making it harder for injured people to bring suits based on limited information] about how an accident occurred, information that could be discovered using tools available to after a suit is filed,
* [http://www.alecexposed.org/w/images/6/68/0H2-Offer_of_Settlement_Act_Exposed.pdf Punishing] injured Americans with paying corporate attorneys fees out of any jury verdict if the verdict was not significantly larger than an earlier offer of settlement  
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** [http://www.alecexposed.org/w/images/6/68/0H2-Offer_of_Settlement_Act_Exposed.pdf Punishing] injured Americans by requiring they pay corporate attorneys' fees if a jury award is not significantly larger than an earlier offer of settlement,
* [http://www.alecexposed.org/w/images/d/dd/0C7-Regulatory_Class_Action_Reform_Act_Exposed.pdf Barring injured Americans from getting any damages from corporations whose products injure them if products are subject to government regulation], and  giving manufacturers a [http://www.alecexposed.org/w/images/8/88/0M4-Regulatory_Compliance_Congruity_With_Liability_Act_Exposed.pdf defense against liability if their product met governmental standards] (even though many regulatory agencies have been captured by the industries being regulated, many of the same industries pushing these bills)
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** [http://www.alecexposed.org/w/images/d/dd/0C7-Regulatory_Class_Action_Reform_Act_Exposed.pdf Barring injured Americans from getting any damages from corporations whose products injure them if products are subject to government regulation], and  giving manufacturers a [http://www.alecexposed.org/w/images/8/88/0M4-Regulatory_Compliance_Congruity_With_Liability_Act_Exposed.pdf defense against liability if their product met governmental standards], even though many regulatory agencies have been captured by the industries being regulated, many of the same industries pushing these bills.
* [http://www.alecexposed.org/w/images/e/eb/0C9-The_Reliability_in_Expert_Testimony_Standards_Act_Exposed.pdf '''Making it more difficult''' to introduce new scientific research in injury cases] through expert witnesses (by requiring states to follow federal expert rules that corporations favor)<br>
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** [http://www.alecexposed.org/w/images/e/eb/0C9-The_Reliability_in_Expert_Testimony_Standards_Act_Exposed.pdf Making it more difficult] to introduce new scientific research in injury cases through expert witnesses by requiring states to follow federal expert rules that corporations favor,<br>
* '''Limiting the power of Congress to create national rules to protect Americans''', no matter their state residence, if injured by defective corporate products distributed nationally
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* Limiting the power of Congress to create national rules to protect Americans, no matter their state residence, if injured by defective corporate products distributed nationally,
* [http://www.alecexposed.org/w/images/5/57/0G6-Punitive_Damages_Standards_Act_Exposed.pdf Limiting punitive damages designed to deter wrongdoing that kills or harms a person] (also [http://www.alecexposed.org/w/images/7/78/0G2-Limits_on_Multiple_Punitive_Damages_Resolution_Exposed.pdf here])
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* [http://www.alecexposed.org/w/images/5/57/0G6-Punitive_Damages_Standards_Act_Exposed.pdf Limiting punitive damages] designed to deter wrongdoing that kills or harms a person. (See also [http://www.alecexposed.org/w/images/7/78/0G2-Limits_on_Multiple_Punitive_Damages_Resolution_Exposed.pdf here.])
* [http://www.alecexposed.org/w/images/4/44/0G1-Full_Fair_Noneconomic_Damages_Act_Exposed.pdf Limiting "noneconomic damages" like pain and suffering]
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* [http://www.alecexposed.org/w/images/4/44/0G1-Full_Fair_Noneconomic_Damages_Act_Exposed.pdf Limiting "noneconomic damages," like pain and suffering.]
 
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<br>
'' '''To see a full list of bills, click [[Bills Affecting Workers Rights| here]].''' ''
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''To see a full list of these bills, [[Bills Affecting the Rights of Americans Injured or Killed by Corporations|click here]]''
 
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[[Image:Wisconsin.png|left|90px]] '''Wisconsin Governor (and ALEC alum) Scott Walker’s first action upon taking office was to push "tort reform" measures from the ALEC corporate wish list to protect corporations from lawsuits.'''  This bill, [http://www.alecexposed.org/wiki/File:2011WisAct2_Exposed.pdf Wisconsin Act 2], passed on a party-line vote and was signed into law by Walker in January 2011.  It incorporates several "tort reform" bills supported by ALEC corporations. For example, it:
+
<h3>Governor Scott Walker's "Tort Reforms"</h3>
* Adopts parts of the ALEC "Punitive Damage Standards Act," limiting the ability to hold corporations accountable for outrageous acts of negligence or recklessness.  
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[[Image:Wisconsin.png|left|90px]] Wisconsin Governor and ALEC alumni Scott Walker’s first action upon taking office was to push "tort reform" measures from the ALEC corporate wish list to protect corporations from lawsuits. This bill, [http://www.alecexposed.org/wiki/File:2011WisAct2_Exposed.pdf Wisconsin Act 2], passed on a party-line vote and was signed into law by Walker in January 2011.  It incorporates several "tort reform" bills supported by ALEC corporations. For example, it:
* Draws liberally from the ALEC "Product Liability Act," (LINK) giving corporations free rein to manufacture shoddy products that can wound or maim so long as the product is approved by a regulatory agency (and even though corporations routinely work to water-down regulatory safety standards), even if the corporation knew the product was dangerous. See also the ALEC "Regulatory Compliance with Liability Act." (LINK)
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* Adopts parts of ALEC's [http://www.alecexposed.org/w/images/5/57/0G6-Punitive_Damages_Standards_Act_Exposed.pdf "Punitive Damage Standards Act,"] limiting the ability to hold corporations accountable for outrageous acts of negligence or recklessness.  
* Draws from elements of the "Comparative Fault Act" (LINK) and "Joint and Several Liability Act" (LINK) in changing the standards for apportioning fault to corporations.  
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* Draws liberally from the ALEC [http://www.alecexposed.org/w/images/d/d0/0M1-Product_Liability_Act_Exposed.pdf "Product Liability Act,"] giving corporations free rein to manufacture shoddy products that can wound or maim, so long as the product is approved by a regulatory agency (and even though corporations routinely work to water-down regulatory safety standards), even if the corporation knew the product was dangerous. See also the ALEC [http://www.alecexposed.org/w/images/8/88/0M4-Regulatory_Compliance_Congruity_With_Liability_Act_Exposed.pdf "Regulatory Compliance with Liability Act."]
* Extends liability protections to the nursing home industry (which supported Walker in the election), similar to ALEC bills such as the "Non-Economic Damages Act," (LINK) limiting awards in cases involving for long-term skilled nursing home providers.  
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* Draws from elements of the [http://www.alecexposed.org/w/images/8/84/0A1-Comparative_Fault_Act_Exposed.pdf "Comparative Fault Act"] and "Joint and Several Liability Act" in changing the standards for apportioning fault to corporations.  
* Adopts the ALEC "Reliability in Expert Testimony Standards Act" (LINK) verbatim, imposing federal rules corporations favor for determining who can testify as an expert witness in the state court.  
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* Extends liability protections to the nursing home industry (which supported Walker in the election), similar to ALEC bills such as the [http://alecexposed.org/w/images/5/59/0G3-Noneconomic_Damage_Awards_Act_Exposed.pdf "Non-Economic Damages Act,"] limiting awards in cases involving for long-term skilled nursing home providers.  
'''After Governor Walker changed the rights of injured Wisconsin residents as ALEC corporations had called for, ALEC [http://www.alec.org/AM/Template.cfm?Section=ALEC_Commends_Gov_Walker_for_Decreasing_Burdens_on_Businesses_by_Reforming_Wisconsin_s_Legal_System publicly applauded] his actions.'''
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* Adopts the ALEC [http://www.alecexposed.org/w/images/e/eb/0C9-The_Reliability_in_Expert_Testimony_Standards_Act_Exposed.pdf "Reliability in Expert Testimony Standards Act"] verbatim, imposing federal rules corporations favor for determining who can testify as an expert witness in the state court.  
 +
After Governor Walker changed the rights of injured Wisconsin residents, ALEC [http://www.alec.org/AM/Template.cfm?Section=ALEC_Commends_Gov_Walker_for_Decreasing_Burdens_on_Businesses_by_Reforming_Wisconsin_s_Legal_System publicly applauded] his actions.
 
<br>
 
<br>
''To see a marked-up version of Wisconsin Act 2 noting the relevant ALEC bills, click [http://www.alecexposed.org/w/images/a/a0/2011WisAct2_Exposed.pdf here].''
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''For a marked-up version of Wis Act 2 noting the relevant ALEC bills, click [http://www.alecexposed.org/w/images/a/a0/2011WisAct2_Exposed.pdf here].''
<br>
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To read more about this agenda, click [(LINK) here]
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Read more about the ALEC "tort reform" agenda at [http://www.prwatch.org/news/2011/07/10886/alec-and-tort-reform prwatch.org], and see the Center for Justice & Democracy's 2010 [http://www.centerjd.org/archives/studies/AmericasWorstTopModelWPaperF1.pdf "America's Worst Top Model"] report. 
 
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<h3>Limiting Damages for the Loss of Your Child, Spouse, or Parent</h3>
 
<h3>Limiting Damages for the Loss of Your Child, Spouse, or Parent</h3>
[[Image:Family.png|left|90px]]One of the corporate-politician proposals of ALEC would limit the ability of a family to recover for emotional damages due to the death or injury of a loved one. (LINK)  This type of legislation basically makes working class or poor people's lives--as well as the elderly--worth less to their families because any damages for pain and suffering due to the death of a child, spouse, or parent would be limited to an amount equal to twice their loved one's lost earnings. These kind of corporate provisions try to prevent a jury of YOUR peers from awarding you damages for all you have lost or suffered AFTER a jury finds that your loved one's death was the result of corporate negligence, misconduct, or greed.<br>
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[[Image:Family.png|left|90px]] [http://alecexposed.org/w/images/5/59/0G3-Noneconomic_Damage_Awards_Act_Exposed.pdf One of the corporate-politician proposals of ALEC] would limit the ability of a family to recover for emotional damages due to the death or injury of a loved one. This type of legislation basically makes working class or poor people's lives -- as well as the elderly -- worth less to their families because any damages for pain and suffering due to the death of a child, spouse, or parent would be limited to an amount equal to twice their loved one's lost earnings. These kinds of corporate provisions try to prevent a jury of YOUR peers from awarding you damages for all you have lost or suffered, AFTER a jury finds that your loved one's death was the result of corporate negligence, misconduct, or greed.<br>
 
'''Is a local legislator who was elected to represent YOU actually protecting the profits of global corporate wrongdoers through such legislation instead of YOU and YOUR FAMILY?'''
 
'''Is a local legislator who was elected to represent YOU actually protecting the profits of global corporate wrongdoers through such legislation instead of YOU and YOUR FAMILY?'''
  
 
<h3>Barring Corporate Liability for Killing Your Dog or Cat</h3>
 
<h3>Barring Corporate Liability for Killing Your Dog or Cat</h3>
[[Image:Pet.png|left|90px]]In addition to limiting the rights of people injured by corporations, under the guise of limiting "frivolous" litigation, one of the proposals from 2006 would make it harder for you to obtain any compensation from a company whose negligence killed your family pet.(LINK)  In 2009, Americans learned that many U.S. pet food companies had shipped the production of food for their four-legged companions overseas and that Chinese contractors had contaminated the pet food with melamine in order to increase profit margins, resulting in death and serious injuries to numerous dogs and cats here.<br>
+
[[Image:Pet.png|left|90px]] In addition to limiting the rights of people injured by corporations, under the guise of limiting "frivolous" litigation, [http://www.alecexposed.org/w/images/e/e2/0F4-Resolution_on_Animal_Liability_and_Guardianship_Exposed.pdf one ALEC resolution from 2006] supports making it harder for you to obtain any compensation from a company whose negligence killed your family pet. In 2009, Americans learned that many U.S. pet food companies had shipped the production of food for their four-legged companions overseas and that Chinese contractors had contaminated the pet food with melamine to increase profit margins, resulting in serious injuries and death to numerous dogs and cats in the U.S.<br>
 +
 
 
'''If passed in your state, ALEC's corporation-backed proposal would make it very difficult for YOU to recover any damages for the loss of your beloved animal companion due to corporate negligence or misconduct in manufacturing pet food.'''
 
'''If passed in your state, ALEC's corporation-backed proposal would make it very difficult for YOU to recover any damages for the loss of your beloved animal companion due to corporate negligence or misconduct in manufacturing pet food.'''
  
 
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<h3>Oh, the Hypocrisy!</h3>
 
<h3>Oh, the Hypocrisy!</h3>
'''Despite ALEC's efforts to limit the rights of injured Americans to vindicate their losses through personal injury lawsuits, ALEC's then-Executive Director, Duane Parde, brought a tort lawsuit against his orthopedic surgeon for malpractice in 2002,''' according to the American Association for Justice. Parde demanded $250,000 in damages, alleging he "suffered permanent injury and damage, sustained and continues to sustain conscious pain and suffering, loss of quality of life, and otherwise incurred and continues to incur losses and expenses."  
+
Despite ALEC's efforts to limit the rights of injured Americans to vindicate their losses through personal injury lawsuits, ALEC's then-Executive Director, Duane Parde, brought a tort lawsuit against his own orthopedic surgeon for malpractice in 2002, according to the American Association for Justice. Parde demanded $250,000 in damages, alleging he "suffered permanent injury and damage, sustained and continues to sustain conscious pain and suffering, loss of quality of life, and otherwise incurred and continues to incur losses and expenses."  
 
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{{Helpful Resources}}
 
{{Helpful Resources}}

Revision as of 17:58, 13 July 2011

Escaping Responsibility for Corporate Products or Practices that Injure or Kill Americans

Tort Reform, Corporate Liability and the Rights of Injured Americans
Through the corporate-funded American Legislative Exchange Council, global corporations and state politicians VOTE BEHIND CLOSED DOORS to change the laws to limit the rights and remedies of Americans injured or killed by corporations. These so-called "model bills" erode the rights of an injured person, or that person's family, who files a complaint alleging that a corporation caused injury or death and should be held responsible for all the damages its actions caused. Through ALEC, corporations have "a VOICE and a VOTE" on specific changes to the law that are then proposed in state legislatures. Do you?

READ the "Model Bills" HERE

Point.png
Click here for a zip file of bills relating to Tort Reform, Corporate Liability, and the Rights of Injured Americans


Full list.png

For a full list of individual bills from this section, click here

For descriptions of some of these bills, scroll down or click here



Search the Tobacco Library

ALEC, tort reform, and ALEC corporations are also discussed in the tobacco library, the archive of internal tobacco industry documents. Additionally, a search for a term like "Koch Industries" -- a long-time funder of ALEC-- reveals numerous documents of interest.

Search the Documents Archives of the Tobacco Industry
Legacy Tobacco Documents Library:


(Searching here will take you to a third-party website not connected to ALEC Exposed.)



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Learn MORE about the "Model Bills" ALEC Corporations Are Backing to Rewrite YOUR Rights

The Center for Media and Democracy analyzed the bills ALEC politicians and corporations voted for. More analysis is available below and also at ALEC Exposed's sister sites, PRWatch and SourceWatch.

How corporations undermine the rights of injured Americans

The bills try to change Americans' rights by:


To see a full list of these bills, click here


Governor Scott Walker's "Tort Reforms"

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Wisconsin Governor and ALEC alumni Scott Walker’s first action upon taking office was to push "tort reform" measures from the ALEC corporate wish list to protect corporations from lawsuits. This bill, Wisconsin Act 2, passed on a party-line vote and was signed into law by Walker in January 2011. It incorporates several "tort reform" bills supported by ALEC corporations. For example, it:
  • Adopts parts of ALEC's "Punitive Damage Standards Act," limiting the ability to hold corporations accountable for outrageous acts of negligence or recklessness.
  • Draws liberally from the ALEC "Product Liability Act," giving corporations free rein to manufacture shoddy products that can wound or maim, so long as the product is approved by a regulatory agency (and even though corporations routinely work to water-down regulatory safety standards), even if the corporation knew the product was dangerous. See also the ALEC "Regulatory Compliance with Liability Act."
  • Draws from elements of the "Comparative Fault Act" and "Joint and Several Liability Act" in changing the standards for apportioning fault to corporations.
  • Extends liability protections to the nursing home industry (which supported Walker in the election), similar to ALEC bills such as the "Non-Economic Damages Act," limiting awards in cases involving for long-term skilled nursing home providers.
  • Adopts the ALEC "Reliability in Expert Testimony Standards Act" verbatim, imposing federal rules corporations favor for determining who can testify as an expert witness in the state court.

After Governor Walker changed the rights of injured Wisconsin residents, ALEC publicly applauded his actions.
For a marked-up version of Wis Act 2 noting the relevant ALEC bills, click here.


Read more about the ALEC "tort reform" agenda at prwatch.org, and see the Center for Justice & Democracy's 2010 "America's Worst Top Model" report.

Did you know about ALEC and . . .

Limiting Damages for the Loss of Your Child, Spouse, or Parent

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One of the corporate-politician proposals of ALEC would limit the ability of a family to recover for emotional damages due to the death or injury of a loved one. This type of legislation basically makes working class or poor people's lives -- as well as the elderly -- worth less to their families because any damages for pain and suffering due to the death of a child, spouse, or parent would be limited to an amount equal to twice their loved one's lost earnings. These kinds of corporate provisions try to prevent a jury of YOUR peers from awarding you damages for all you have lost or suffered, AFTER a jury finds that your loved one's death was the result of corporate negligence, misconduct, or greed.

Is a local legislator who was elected to represent YOU actually protecting the profits of global corporate wrongdoers through such legislation instead of YOU and YOUR FAMILY?

Barring Corporate Liability for Killing Your Dog or Cat

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In addition to limiting the rights of people injured by corporations, under the guise of limiting "frivolous" litigation, one ALEC resolution from 2006 supports making it harder for you to obtain any compensation from a company whose negligence killed your family pet. In 2009, Americans learned that many U.S. pet food companies had shipped the production of food for their four-legged companions overseas and that Chinese contractors had contaminated the pet food with melamine to increase profit margins, resulting in serious injuries and death to numerous dogs and cats in the U.S.

If passed in your state, ALEC's corporation-backed proposal would make it very difficult for YOU to recover any damages for the loss of your beloved animal companion due to corporate negligence or misconduct in manufacturing pet food.


Oh, the Hypocrisy!

Despite ALEC's efforts to limit the rights of injured Americans to vindicate their losses through personal injury lawsuits, ALEC's then-Executive Director, Duane Parde, brought a tort lawsuit against his own orthopedic surgeon for malpractice in 2002, according to the American Association for Justice. Parde demanded $250,000 in damages, alleging he "suffered permanent injury and damage, sustained and continues to sustain conscious pain and suffering, loss of quality of life, and otherwise incurred and continues to incur losses and expenses."

More Helpful Resources

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Additional resources on ALEC's corporate agenda:

ALEC Exposed is a project of the Center for Media and Democracy (CMD). CMD does NOT accept donations from for-profit corporations or government agencies. More information about CMD is available here. You can reach CMD's Executive Director, Lisa Graves, via editor AT ALECexposed.org. Privacy policy: Other than material you post to this wiki in your name, our privacy policy is that we will not disclose private personally identifiable information or data about you, such as your name, email address, or other information, unless required by law. On copyright: ALEC Exposed considers contributions to this wiki to be released under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 License or in accordance with law. Information on how to provide us with notice regarding copyright is available at this link. Notices regarding copyright or other matters should be sent to our designated agent, Lisa Graves, via email (editor AT ALECexposed.org).

 
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